Cholera alerts to general public

The Ghana Health Service has issued an alert on potential cholera outbreak in the country.
 
The agency in a statement dated 08/05/2018, signed by the Director-General, Dr. Anthony Nsiah-Asare, said with the onset of the rainy season and other prevailing conditions in certain locations in the country, the risk for cholera outbreaks is very high.
 
“Cholera is one of the diseases of national concern because of the potential it has to cause outbreaks and major epidemics. As the rains have started to set in at certain locations of the country and will be getting to the peak season very soon, with the other existing prevailing risk factors, the risk for cholera outbreak is very high," the statement said.
 
GHS has cautioned the public to adopt preventive measures to protect themselves against the disease.
 
“This correspondence is to inform the general public to be cautious and to do their best to prevent and protect themselves against cholera. Cholera is a preventable disease provided that safe water is made available and proper sanitation practices are adhered to… Signs and symptoms of Cholera are frequent diarrhoea with or without vomiting. Cholera spreads when faeces and/or vomitus of an infected person contaminates the water or food of another person and it is swallowed,” the statement added. 
 
According to GHS, in 2014, a total of 28,975 cholera cases with 243 deaths were reported from 130 out of the 216 districts in all 10 regions of Ghana
 
In 2015, 618 cases were recorded with five deaths.
 
In 2016, more than 150 cholera cases were recorded in the Central Region with no known death recorded.
 
Cholera can be prevented by:
 
▪washing hands with soap under running water regularly (after visiting the toilet, before eating or feeding a child and before preparing good). In the absence of soap, use hand-sanitizer/alcohol rub, ash or sand and rinse with safe water
 
▪drinking and using safe water 
 
▪cooking food well, eat it hot, keep it covered 
 
▪washing fruits and vegetables well before consumption 
 
▪keeping your kitchen and places where your family bathes and washes clothes clean at all times
 
Persons who show signs and symptoms of Cholera are to report urgently to the nearest health facility for treatment. Kindly prepare Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) and take it immediately, while you travel  to get treatment.
 
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