Vector Control

Experience has shown that a thorough understanding of the malaria problem and risk and knowledge of the vector, the human host and the environment are prerequisites for effective planning and targeting of vector control interventions.

Vector control is an essential component of malaria control programmes with the principal objective to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality through reduction of transmission levels.

 

MALARIA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STRATA AND ANOPHELES SPECIES IN GHANA LEGEND

 

 

NORTHERN SAVANNAH

Anopheles sp.

1. An.gambiae ss: - most efficient vector, anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; breeds in temporal relatively clean waters; more pronounced after the rains.

2. An.funestus:- very efficient vector, anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; breeds in semi/permanent stagnant waters; found throughout the year.

3. An.arabiensis:- less efficient vector, bites outdoors and rests outdoor; more zoophilic

 

TROPICAL RAINFOREST

Anopheles sp.

1. An.gambiae ss: - most efficient vector, anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; breeds in temporal relatively clean waters; more pronounced after the rains.

2. An.funestus:- very efficient vector, anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; breeds in semi/permanent stagnant waters; found throughout the year.

3. An.arabiensis:- less efficient vector, bites outdoors and rests outdoor; more zoophilic

 

COASTAL SAVANNAH/MANGROVE SWAMPS

Anopheles sp.

1. An.gambiae ss: - most efficient vector, anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; breeds in temporal relatively clean waters; more pronounced after the rains.

2. An.funestus:- very efficient vector, anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; breeds in semi/permanent stagnant waters; found throughout the year.

3. An.melas:- anthropophilic, bites indoors and rests indoors; less efficient vector.

 

The key integrated malaria vector management interventions

The key integrated malaria vector management interventions adopted for use in Ghana to guide and regulate the selection and implementation of appropriate strategies for

malaria vector control include:

  • Insecticide Treated Materials
  • Adulticiding and Larviciding
  • Environmental Management

The implementation of these interventions involves an inter-sectoral approach, effective community participation, allocation of adequate funding and the support of all stakeholders.

© 2015 Powered by Ghana Health Service ICT Department