Levels of malaria diagnosis and treatment

There are four levels of Malaria diagnosis in Ghana and these are;

Treatment may vary at these levels and among facilities of the same level. Below is a summary of the levels of malaria diagnosis and treatment in Ghana.

Facility

Clinical Capacity

Recommended test

Treatment level

Community

Level Services

Community based Agents (CBA) Over the Counter Medicines Sellers (OTCMS), Community Pharmacies

 

RDT

 

Uncomplicated malaria

(Refer all suspected severe cases)

CHPS

Community Health Officer/Enrolled Nurses

No inpatient facilities

Refer all severe and complicated cases to hospital and health centres

 

 

RDT

 

 

Uncomplicated malaria

(Refer all suspected severe cases)

Health Centres

Staffed by Physician Assistants, Nurses and Midwives, Laboratory personnel

Inpatient/Outpatient facilities available

 

RDT

 

AND

 

MICROSCOPY

 

Uncomplicated malaria

(Refer all suspected severe cases)

Polyclinics

Staffed by Doctors, Physician Assistants, Nurses and Midwives

 

In-patient and Outpatient facilities available

 

 

MICROSCOPY

 

AND

 

RDT

 

Both uncomplicated

and

complicated malaria (provided needed expertise is available)

Hospitals

Staffed by Doctors and Nurses

In-patient and Out-patient facilities available

 

Intensive care unit

 

MICROSCOPY

 

 

Both uncomplicated

 and

complicated malaria

 

 
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