Kangaroo Mother Care

Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) – standard of care for preterm and LBW newborns
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is an extremely important, well-established, evidence-based method of providing the needed extra care that small babies (pre-term and low birth weight) need. KMC consists of three components
•    Prolonged skin to skin contact,
•    Early and exclusive breastfeeding and
•    Early discharge from hospital and follow up
At the 2013 KMC acceleration meeting in Istanbul, newborn stakeholders reached a consensus that, based on available evidence, KMC should be adopted and accelerated as standard of care as an essential intervention for preterm newborns. Success was defined as augmented and sustained global and national level action to achieve 50% coverage of KMC among preterm newborns by the year 2020 as a part of an integrated RMNCH package(5).
With universal coverage, KMC could prevent close to 531,000 preterm deaths every year by 2025(6).
It has numerous advantages and has been shown to result in an improved early outcome. In addition, a follow-up study to adolescence has shown a beneficial effect on ‘premature brain networks and synaptic efficacy’ .
KMC must be distinguished from the far briefer skin-to-skin contact that is recommended for all babies at birth and for sick babies during transport for referral, primarily for warmth and for promoting breastfeeding in babies who can accept feeds.