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The Volta Region is one of the 10 administrative regions located at the Eastern part of the country. The Northern Region bound it to the north, the south by Gulf of Guinea, west by the Volta Lake and the east by the Republic of Togo. The region occupies a surface area of about 20,570 square kilometres.
The population of the region based on the national population and housing projected census was 1,901,179 with an annual growth rate of 1.9% although the population growth rate varies in the various districts. The largest populated district is Ho with a population of 214,612 followed by Hohoe municipal with a population of 181,297. The least populated district is Jasikan with a population of 58,483.
The region is divided into three natural geographical belts namely the southern, middle and the northern belts. The middle and northern belts are mainly mountainous, spotting the highest mountain in Ghana, Mount Afadzato located in the Hohoe District. Other scenic attractions of this divide are the Wli waterfalls near Mountain Gemi (Amedzofe) and the Tafi monkey sanctuary in the Hohoe district. The South is relatively flat with wetlands and sandy portions. Vegetation in the region is strap up into three zones:
The Middle and Northern belts are drained by rivers Oti, Asukawkaw, Menu, Dayi all of which stream into the Volta Lake. The rivers Alabo and Tordzi drain the Southern belt. Onchocerciasis has been associated with some of these fast flowing rivers from the middle to the northern belts of the region.
The region also has much difficulty in reaching areas that we generally refer to as “overbank”, which are settlements along the Volta Lake and the lagoons in the southern parts of the country. The districts largely affected are Krachi, Kpando, North Tongu, Jasikan and Keta.
Climatic conditions differ between the northern and the southern sectors. Two rainfall regimes occur in the middle and coastal belts as follows:
Economic and Infrastructure Development
In terms of industrial development, the region is less endowed with manufacturing industry. The few most important ones are the Diamond cement factory in the Ketu South district and the textile factory at Juapong with its state of existence being continuously threatened by the competition from the presence of cheap / smuggled cloths on the market. The region can also boost of the Aveyime Farms which is into commercial production and processing of Rice for export and domestic consumption. The middle belt of the region, mainly parts of Hohoe and Kpando districts has witnessed a growing activities of export fruits farming in recent times and this has contributed to the establishment of a fruit juice factory (Kingdom Fruits) at Tafi Abuife in the Hohoe municipality. Also, some communities in the southern and mid zones are involved in pottery whilst few others in Hohoe and Kpando Districts are involved in Gun-smiting on a very small scale.
Communication development in the region is progressing steadily. Public telephone-link between Ho (the regional capital) and other district / municipal capitals has improved. A new Post Office building has also been built and is operational with expedited courier services to every part of the region. With the introduction of mobile phone services on the Ghanaian market; all districts / municipals and majority of the sub-districts in the region can now be contacted on telephone.
Road links between the major towns have considerably improved. The Ho township roads facelift project that began in the later part of the year 2000 has been completed. However the eastern corridor road project thus road rehabilitation projects from Hohoe to Yendi in the Northern Region is yet to take off. Meanwhile work on the Sogakofe in the South Tongu district to Fume near Hohoe through Ho is still in progress, which were all started in the later part of 1997 has been re-awarded and work is in progress. The region has no railway facilities, but rather has airstrips at Kete-Krachi and Ho. Of the total network length of feeder Roads in the region by condition mix; 15.6% are in a good state, 43.9% are in a fairly good condition whilst the remaining 40.5% of the Region‟s feeder roads are in a very poor state (Feeder Roads Dept. Volta Region. 2009 Annual Report).
Volta Region has a total of 326 health institutions out of which 242 are GHS administered ones. 18 are Mission owned. One facility is quasi-government (that is the military hospital – MRS) at the medium mortar regiment in Ho, and 65 privately owned. It is worth noting that many of the GHS run health centres were community initiated. In exception of Krachi East, Nkwanta North and Adaklu Anyigbe, every district now has a hospital either government or mission owned.