Eastern Region of Ghana had an estimated population of 2,194,508, with
3.1% growth rate in 2004. It is the sixth largest region with a land
area of 19,323 sq. km., thus representing about 8% of the total land
area of the country.
The region is bounded on the East by the Volta Region, South by
Greater Accra region, West by Central Region and on the North by Ashanti
Region. It has the largest number of health facilities in the country.
Estimated population for 2005 (3.1% GR)
DISTRICT CAPITAL DIST.POP. 2005
New Juaben Koforidua 146,614
East Akyem Kyebi 204,050
West Akyem Asamankes 165,259
Fanteakwa Begoro 92,356
Akwapim North Akropong 112,294
Akwapim South Nsawam 124,614
Kwaebibirem Kade 192,110
Birim South Akyem Oda 192,260
Birim North New Abirem 132,350
Afram Plains Donkorkrom 145,713
Kwahu South Mpraeso 233,141
Manya Odumase 165,409
Yilo Somanya 92,237
Asuogyaman Atimpoku 81,385
Suhum K. Coaltar Suhum 178,456
Source: MOH HQT;S
DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION (15 YEARS AND ABOVE)
ENGAGED IN MAJOR OCCUPATION BASED ON 1984 CENSUS
NO. ENGAGED IN
4. Electricity, Gas & Water
6. Wholesale R./Trade Restaurant & Hotels
7. Transport, Storage Communication
8. Finance, Insurance Real Estate, Business Service.
9. Community, Social & Personal Services
Sources: Statistical Service
The region is characterized by two features namely:
o The Kwahu Scarp which attains an elevation of up to 2,586 ft. above sea level.
o To the South of Kwahu Scarp, the Atiwa-Ahwiredu range near Kyebi which
reaches an elevation of 2,420 feet. The rest are isolated hills dotted
across the plains. The Kwahu Plateau forms a major watershed in both the
region and the country as a whole.
The topography and special relief features offer tourist attraction,
notable among them are the Boti Falls and Aburi Gardens. The hilly
nature of the region has naturally rendered some of the districts
geographically inaccessible for health and other development programmes.
The major rivers in the region include Rivers Birim and Densu. River
Birim runs almost the length of the region stretching from Apapam near
Kibi and joining Prah in the Central region. It is noted for Gold and
Diamond mines and like Densu provides good soil along its valley for
farming. It serves as a source of drinking water for many towns and
villages. River Densu serves as a source of drinking water for the
Southern part of the region.
The Volta River, which runs along the eastern border of the region, has
been harnessed to become the main source of the country's Electricity
supply. The lake created as a result of the Hydro Electric Dam in the
Volta has also facilitated fishing industry and river transportation.
The citizens are culturally bound together by customs and festivals that
are celebrated occasionally by chiefs and elders with their subjects.
Such occasions also serve as a common platform for bringing the citizens
together for development projects.
Eastern Region lies between latitudes 60o North and 70o North. The
hottest months are February and March while July and August are the
Like any other part of Ghana the climate is influenced by two major air masses.
* South-West moisture laden monsoon (which brings rain between March - October) and
* The North East dry dust laden harmattan (which brings drought from November to February).
The region falls almost within two main vegetation zones.
o The tropical Forest zone (60%).
o The Guinea Savanna zone (40%)
The main produce of the region are:
Cash Crops - Cocoa, Coffee and Timber
Food Crops - Plantain, Cassava, Maize (corn) Palm fruit, and Citrus.
Mineral - Gold and Diamond.
Transportation & communication
Road Type and Network
TYPE OF ROAD
TARRED IN KM
Total Road in Km
The region has a good network of roads compared to the other regions. There are about 1,649.3 Kilometers of trunk roads.
Major trunk roads passing through the region are:
Accra - Nsawam - Kumasi
Accra - Aburi - Koforidua
Accra - Adeiso - Agona-Swedru
* Omnibus Services Authority (OSA)
* Airstrip - Nil
* Railway - Out of a total of 790 miles (1244 Km) of rail track in the country 220 miles (352 Km) are located in the region.
* Port - Akosombo Port
Private transportation makes up to a total of about 87% of the available
means of transport in the region. It is fairly easy to travel from the
capital Koforidua to other parts of the region.