About Us

Political

Eastern Region of Ghana had an estimated population of 2,194,508, with 3.1% growth rate in 2004. It is the sixth largest region with a land area of 19,323 sq. km., thus representing about 8% of the total land area of the country.

The region is bounded on the East by the Volta Region, South by Greater Accra region, West by Central Region and on the North by Ashanti Region. It has the largest number of health facilities in the country.

Estimated population for 2005 (3.1% GR)


DISTRICT CAPITAL DIST.POP. 2005

New Juaben         Koforidua             146,614

East Akyem           Kyebi                     204,050

West Akyem         Asamankes         165,259

Fanteakwa             Begoro                 92,356

Akwapim North     Akropong             112,294

Akwapim South     Nsawam             124,614

Kwaebibirem         Kade                     192,110

Birim South             Akyem Oda         192,260

Birim North              New Abirem        132,350

Afram Plains            Donkorkrom        145,713

Kwahu South            Mpraeso              233,141

Manya                         Odumase            165,409

Yilo                              Somanya             92,237

Asuogyaman             Atimpoku              81,385

Suhum K. Coaltar     Suhum                 178,456


TOTAL 2,258,917

Source: MOH HQT;S


DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION (15 YEARS AND ABOVE)

ENGAGED IN MAJOR OCCUPATION BASED ON 1984 CENSUS

MAJOR OCCUPATION   NO. ENGAGED IN TOTAL PERCENTAGE  
MALE
FEMALE
 
 
1.Agriculture/hunting forestry/fishing
225,406
256,737
512,143
   84
2. Mining/Quarrying
   16
   18
     54
 
3. Manufacturing
20,119
44,184
64,303
   10.5
4. Electricity, Gas & Water
    424
     92
    516
    0.0
5. Construction
  4,670
    112
  4,782
    0.7
6. Wholesale R./Trade Restaurant & Hotels
    990
  1,353
  2,343
    0.3
7. Transport, Storage Communication
13,672
    134
13,806
    2.2
8. Finance, Insurance Real Estate, Business Service.
  1,115
    484
  2,199
    0.2
9. Community, Social & Personal Services
  5,229
  3,612
  8,841
    1.4
All Industries
302,261
306,726
608,987
   99.4%

Sources: Statistical Service

Topography

The region is characterized by two features namely:

o The Kwahu Scarp which attains an elevation of up to 2,586 ft. above sea level.


o To the South of Kwahu Scarp, the Atiwa-Ahwiredu range near Kyebi which reaches an elevation of 2,420 feet. The rest are isolated hills dotted across the plains. The Kwahu Plateau forms a major watershed in both the region and the country as a whole.

The topography and special relief features offer tourist attraction, notable among them are the Boti Falls and Aburi Gardens. The hilly nature of the region has naturally rendered some of the districts geographically inaccessible for health and other development programmes.

The major rivers in the region include Rivers Birim and Densu. River Birim runs almost the length of the region stretching from Apapam near Kibi and joining Prah in the Central region. It is noted for Gold and Diamond mines and like Densu provides good soil along its valley for farming. It serves as a source of drinking water for many towns and villages. River Densu serves as a source of drinking water for the Southern part of the region.

The Volta River, which runs along the eastern border of the region, has been harnessed to become the main source of the country's Electricity supply. The lake created as a result of the Hydro Electric Dam in the Volta has also facilitated fishing industry and river transportation.

The citizens are culturally bound together by customs and festivals that are celebrated occasionally by chiefs and elders with their subjects. Such occasions also serve as a common platform for bringing the citizens together for development projects.

Climate

Eastern Region lies between latitudes 60o North and 70o North. The hottest months are February and March while July and August are the coolest months.

Like any other part of Ghana the climate is influenced by two major air masses.

* South-West moisture laden monsoon (which brings rain between March - October) and


* The North East dry dust laden harmattan (which brings drought from November to February).


Vegetation

The region falls almost within two main vegetation zones.

o The tropical Forest zone (60%).

o The Guinea Savanna zone (40%)

The main produce of the region are:

Cash Crops - Cocoa, Coffee and Timber

Food Crops - Plantain, Cassava, Maize (corn) Palm fruit, and Citrus.

Mineral - Gold and Diamond.


Transportation & communication

Road Type and Network

TYPE OF ROAD TARRED IN KM GRAVELLED BITUMEN TOTAL KM Trunk Roads    962.5    686.8     - 1,649.3 Feeder Roads        - 2,169   105.7 2,274.7 Total Road in Km     962.5 2,855.8   105.7 3,924.0
The region has a good network of roads compared to the other regions. There are about 1,649.3 Kilometers of trunk roads.

Major trunk roads passing through the region are:

Accra - Nsawam - Kumasi

Accra - Aburi - Koforidua

Accra - Adeiso - Agona-Swedru

Transport Services

* Buses

* Omnibus Services Authority (OSA)

* Airstrip - Nil

* Railway - Out of a total of 790 miles (1244 Km) of rail track in the country 220 miles (352 Km) are located in the region.

* Port - Akosombo Port


Private

Private transportation makes up to a total of about 87% of the available means of transport in the region. It is fairly easy to travel from the capital Koforidua to other parts of the region.